Libya fights for freedom – but where exactly is Libya?

For the past two months the world have been watching people in African countries like Egypt and Libya try to oust leaders that have been in power for decades.  Contrary to popular belief, Libya is a part of Africa and not the Middle East.  Since this fact is often missed, I decided to do some research and read about the country and its people, its form of government and everything that has been happening in this country.  It is also good to note that Egypt’s leader Mubarak decided to step down peacefully, Libya on the other hand is a different story.

There are a lot of things on the internet that you can actually read about Libya and its current situation, I opted to use the information I found on this site:  You can check this site for the complete information of the things that I reposted here.

Geography:: Libya is in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia.

Area-Comparative:: Slightly larger than Alaska.

Border Countries:: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km.

Climate and Terrain:: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior, mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

Environment –Current Issues:: desertification; limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities.

Desertification (meaning) :  The degradation of land in arid or semiarid regions caused by climatic changes, human influence, or both. Climatic factors include periods of temporary but severe drought and long-term climatic changes toward dryness. Human factors include artificial climatic alteration, as through the removal of vegetation (which can lead to unnaturally high erosion), excessive cultivation, and the exhaustion of water supplies. Desertification drains an arid or semiarid land of its life-supporting capabilities. It is characterized by a declining groundwater table, salt accumulation in topsoil and water, a decrease in surface water, increasing erosion, and the disappearance of native vegetation.

Geography Note:: more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert

Background::  The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory.

The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of “direct democracy.” QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad’s Aozou Strip – to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics – but was forced to retreat in 1987.

UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004.

The US rescinded Libya’s designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term.

In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. Libya in May 2010 was elected to its first three-year seat on the UN Human Rights Council, prompting protests from international non-governmental organizations and human rights campaigners.

As of this writing Libya, is under a form of civil war wherein hundreds have already died, and Tripoli (Libya’s capital) is still fighting for its future.

Just imagine what would have happened if our EDSA Revolutions (all three of them) also ended in warfare?  Where would that lead us now?  Would you still say that we are a country that is hopeless or blessed?


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